Broccoli, also known as broccoli (scientific name: Brassica oleracea L. var. Botrytis L.), is a vegetable. It is an annual plant of the Brassicaceae Brassica genus. It is a variety of cabbage that is the same as broccoli (broccoli) and cabbage. Native to the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea, it was introduced to China during the Guangxu period of the Qing Dynasty in the early 19th century. Also known as cauliflower, broccoli, kale flower, broccoli, broccoli. There are two kinds of white and green. The green ones are called saffron and broccoli. The nutrition and function of white cauliflower are basically the same. The content of carotene in green cauliflower is higher than that of white cauliflower. Ranked fourth among the top ten healthy foods recommended by Time magazine.